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I do not mean to condemn all that comes under the notion of luxury ; on the contrary I am of opi- nion, that the ages of refinement and luxury are both the happieft and moft virtuous. Poor Boys bound to other Em- ployments may be turned over to any Mafter of a Ship ; and the Widows and Executors, ^c. If the Ship unlade any Part of the Cargo, the Mariners fhall have their Wages; but if after they have unladen the Vel Tel at any Port abroad they demand the fame, with an Intention of lea-^ ving the Ship, the Mafter may detain a reafon- able Proportion thereof as his Security, till they have brought back the Ship. Without fuch meafures as thefe, additional duties and prohibitions will be but of fmall avail; for' fo long as the demand of any commodity b 2 continues. continues, the profpeft of gain will always tempt feme to carry on a trade, however de- ftru6tive it may prove to their country. By late Statutes^ If any Mafter of a Merchant Ship or Veffel fhall, during his being abroad, force any Man afnore, or wilfully leave him be- hind, or refufe to bring all his Men home again who are in a Condition to return, he fhall fuffer three Months Imprifonment. dred; and refuling fuch Apprentices Is liable to a Penalty. But Mafters and Servants of Hoys, Smacks, or other Vef Tels belonging to London^ and employed in bringing Corn, Fifh, or other Provifions, fhall not be liable to this Du- ty. the Mariners Ihall not have their Wages -, for if they were al- low'd ^f ^atiiter^ anu 'Seamen* 45 Igw M to have Wages in thefe Cafes, it is pre- fumed their bed Endeavours would be wanting to preferve the Ship ; and the Mariners fhall lofe their Wages; as well as the Owners their Freight. , ■ the Ship happens to be caft away comirg i V: - . :i •the Downs J but the Lading is all preferved, the Freight in this Cafe fhail be paid : For t^.

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^f Ajjreightment and Freight y and Char- terparties, AFfreightment fignifies the Freight of a Ship, and Freight is the Money paid for Carriao;e 'cf Goods by Sea ; or in a larger Sm(e.^ it is taken for the Cargo, or Bunthen of the Ship. that the Talking by Pirates is amongft Merchants accounted Perils the Sea.

and deferting afterwards they may be apprehended by Juftice's Warrant* and committed to the Houfe of Corre6lion, ^c.

No Mafter of a Ship to employ Seamen without Contra6t in Wri- ting on pain of 5/.

It is to be wifhed that the nobility would not let their fons, before they are formed for travelling, or capable of making ufe^ ful obfervations, expend fo much m^oney in ram- bling over foreign countries where their morals are generally corrupted, and where, befides their becoming, idle, effeminate and vicious, they con- tract a liking to every thing that is foreign, and acquire a taftefor fuch things as are inconfiftent with the good of fociety and detrimental to the ftate. A Ma- fter of a Ship, from thirty to fifty Tons, fhall take one fuch Apprentice, one more for the next fifty Tons, where the Ship is larger, and one piore for every hundred Ton above the firft hun- dred ; 42 Of Otuner^, &c. per Month, for the better Support of Greenwich Hofpital: And the Mafter of every Ship or Veflel is to detain the fame out of the Mariners Wages, and pay it to the Per- fon who fliall be appointed by the Admiralty to Tsceive it; and is to give an Account upon Oath, On pain of 10/. And a Mafter of a Ship may juftify the giving moderate and due Correction to his Men; But if a Mariner affaults the Mafter on Ship- board, he fhall pay five Sols^ or lofe his Hand ; yet it is faid he may after one Stroke defend him- felf Leg. that failed to- gether were to take an Oath of Fidelity, or mu- tual Engagement. Mariners are not to depart from on Shipboard when they are in full pay, (which is always when they break ground) without the Mafter's Licence for fo doing; and they may in no cafe quit the Ship without leaving a fufficient Number to guard her : And they muft aftift one another both at 44 ©r £0uiim0 nnu ©cnmein at Sea and in Port, or upon the Oath of their Fellows of any Refufal Ihall lofe their Wages : If Mariners in a ftrange Port leave the Ship, not having the Licence of the Mailer, or without faftning her with four Ropes, the Lofs, if any happen, falls upon them •, they are alfo to attend the Ship until fhe be difcharged, and • ballafted anew ; and if any Mariner during the time of her Difcharge or Lading labours not with the Reft of the Company, but abfents himfelf, he fhall pay a Fine to the others pro rata : And the Mariners are not only to difcharge and deliver Goods out of the Ship, but likewife if no Porters or Carriers be in thofe Parts, they muft carry the fame themfelves for fuch Hire as other Workmen Ihould have had for it. If it happens Otherwife than well with the Mafter, the Mariners are obliged to bring the Ship to the Port from whence Ihe was freighted, v/ithout any Delay, ex- cept it be otherwife provided ; And a Mariner fhall forfeit his Wages, if the Ship break in any Part, and he doth not help with all his Di Hgence to fave the Goods on board. Where a Mariner is hired, and he deferts the Service before the Voyage is ended, by the Law Marine and the Common Law he ftiall lofe his Wages : And it has been adjudg'd, that if the Ship do not return, but perifhes at Sea, either by Tempeft, Enemies, Fire, l^c.

The ^e COnt J Cl Sltl On, with many confiderable Additions, and a new Preface. It is to be wiihed that all true patriots would exert their public fpiritj by ab- ftaining from the ufe of French and fuch other foreign goods of which the importation is fo rui- nous to their country. to ferve till they are Twenty-one Years of Age ; and the Church-wardens and Overfeers of Pa- rilhes fhall pay the Mafter when fuch Boy is bound Apprentice, 2/. for Cloathing and Bedding, to be allowed him on their Account ; and fhall fend the Indenture to the Colledor of the Cuftoms of the Port to which the Mafter fhall belong, who fhali regifter it, (^c. Every Seaman ferving on board any Ship, and Perfon employed upon the Coafts of Great Bri- tain or Ireland in the taking of Fifh which are brought frefh to Shore, and in Boats that trade from Place to Place, or in open Boats upon the Coafts, fhall pay 6 d. If a Mariner rebels or commits a Fault, and the Mafter lifts up the Towel three Times be- fore him, and he do not fubmit, the Mafter at the next Place of Land may difcharge him : And if he refufes to go afhore, he fhall lofe Half his -Wages and all his Goods in the Ship ; bu C if the Mariner fubmits, he is to receive his whole Wages. By the ancient Rhodian Laws, the Mafters, Mariners, ^c. In a ftrange Country, ojie half of the Seamen at leaft ought to remain on Ship-board ; and thofe who go on Land are to keep Sobriety and ab- ftain from fufpeded Places, and not abfent on pain of being puniftied like unto him who abfents when the Ship is ready to fail.

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